ATmega328P

修復USB ISP(zhifengsoft)無法使用avrdude的問題


參考資訊:
1. uno
2. ArduinoISP
3. making-usbasp-chinese-clones-usable
4. Digispark-Attiny85-Pinout-738150591

USB ISP燒錄器目前只能使用ProgISP,而這個軟體目前只能在Windows下使用(竟然無法在Linux下使用),而最可惜的是avrdude竟然不支援USB ISP燒錄器,於是司徒花了一些時間上網找了一下資料,發現國外有人透過硬體跳線解決問題,但是這畢竟比較麻煩一點,最好可以透過韌體解決,而幸運地,司徒最終找到這個方法,接著司徒將修改過程說明如下:


PCB正面(Atmega88)


PCB背面


因為需要透過Arduino Uno更新USB ISP(變成USBasp)韌體,因此,必須先把Arduino Uno變成一台燒錄器


確定Port


燒錄


接著連接USB ISP和Arduino Uno(腳位如下):

Arduino UNOUSB ISP
SCKSCK
VCCVCC
GNDGND
MISOMISO
MOSIMOSI
Pin10Reset
RESET10uF




在燒錄時,USB ISP Reset腳位必須手動連接


usbasp.atmega88.2011-05-28.hex

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Patch USBasp Firmare(185行)改成如下:

:100B8000D9F77A9589F708951BB815B880EF8AB917

燒錄Patch Firmware(patch.hex)

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install avrdude
$ sudo avrdude -vv -c stk500v1 -b 19200 -P /dev/ttyACM0 -p m88 -U flash:w:patch.hex:i

avrdude: Version 6.3, compiled on Nov  8 2018 at 17:56:23
         Copyright (c) 2000-2005 Brian Dean, http://www.bdmicro.com/
         Copyright (c) 2007-2014 Joerg Wunsch

         System wide configuration file is "/usr/local/etc/avrdude.conf"
         User configuration file is "/root/.avrduderc"
         User configuration file does not exist or is not a regular file, skipping

         Using Port                    : /dev/ttyACM0
         Using Programmer              : stk500v1
         Overriding Baud Rate          : 19200
         AVR Part                      : ATmega88
         Chip Erase delay              : 9000 us
         PAGEL                         : PD7
         BS2                           : PC2
         RESET disposition             : dedicated
         RETRY pulse                   : SCK
         serial program mode           : yes
         parallel program mode         : yes
         Timeout                       : 200
         StabDelay                     : 100
         CmdexeDelay                   : 25
         SyncLoops                     : 32
         ByteDelay                     : 0
         PollIndex                     : 3
         PollValue                     : 0x53
         Memory Detail                 :

                                  Block Poll               Page                       Polled
           Memory Type Mode Delay Size  Indx Paged  Size   Size #Pages MinW  MaxW   ReadBack
           ----------- ---- ----- ----- ---- ------ ------ ---- ------ ----- ----- ---------
           eeprom        65    20     4    0 no        512    4      0  3600  3600 0xff 0xff
           flash         65     6    64    0 yes      8192   64    128  4500  4500 0xff 0xff
           lfuse          0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  4500  4500 0x00 0x00
           hfuse          0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  4500  4500 0x00 0x00
           efuse          0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  4500  4500 0x00 0x00
           lock           0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  4500  4500 0x00 0x00
           calibration    0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0     0     0 0x00 0x00
           signature      0     0     0    0 no          3    0      0     0     0 0x00 0x00

         Programmer Type : STK500
         Description     : Atmel STK500 Version 1.x firmware
         Hardware Version: 2
         Firmware Version: 1.18
         Topcard         : Unknown
         Vtarget         : 0.0 V
         Varef           : 0.0 V
         Oscillator      : Off
         SCK period      : 0.1 us

avrdude: AVR device initialized and ready to accept instructions

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 0.03s

avrdude: Device signature = 0x1e930a (probably m88)
avrdude: safemode: hfuse reads as DD
avrdude: safemode: efuse reads as F9
avrdude: NOTE: "flash" memory has been specified, an erase cycle will be performed
         To disable this feature, specify the -D option.
avrdude: erasing chip
avrdude: reading input file "patch.hex"
avrdude: writing flash (4716 bytes):

Writing | ################################################## | 100% 6.67s

avrdude: 4716 bytes of flash written
avrdude: verifying flash memory against patch.hex:
avrdude: load data flash data from input file patch.hex:
avrdude: input file patch.hex contains 4716 bytes
avrdude: reading on-chip flash data:

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 3.34s

avrdude: verifying ...
avrdude: 4716 bytes of flash verified

avrdude: safemode: hfuse reads as DD
avrdude: safemode: efuse reads as F9
avrdude: safemode: Fuses OK (E:F9, H:DD, L:FF)

avrdude done.  Thank you.

完成後的LED會變成藍色(原本是紅色)


接著測試一下USB ISP燒錄功能

USB ISPATtiny85
VCC5V
GNDGND
RSTPB5
SCKPB2
MISOPB1
MOSIPB0




main.hex

:100000000EC015C014C013C012C011C010C00FC064
:100010000EC00DC00CC00BC00AC009C008C011241E
:100020001FBECFE5D2E0DEBFCDBF02D018C0E8CF03
:1000300082E087BB88BB2FE936E891E02150304051
:100040009040E1F700C0000018BA2FE936E891E0CF
:10005000215030409040E1F700C00000EBCFF89411
:02006000FFCFD0
:00000001FF

燒錄

$ sudo avrdude -vv -c usbasp -p t85 -U flash:w:main.hex:i

avrdude: Version 6.3, compiled on Nov  8 2018 at 17:56:23
         Copyright (c) 2000-2005 Brian Dean, http://www.bdmicro.com/
         Copyright (c) 2007-2014 Joerg Wunsch

         System wide configuration file is "/usr/local/etc/avrdude.conf"
         User configuration file is "/root/.avrduderc"
         User configuration file does not exist or is not a regular file, skipping

         Using Port                    : usb
         Using Programmer              : usbasp
avrdude: seen device from vendor ->www.fischl.de<-
avrdude: seen product ->USBasp<-
         AVR Part                      : ATtiny85
         Chip Erase delay              : 4500 us
         PAGEL                         : P00
         BS2                           : P00
         RESET disposition             : possible i/o
         RETRY pulse                   : SCK
         serial program mode           : yes
         parallel program mode         : yes
         Timeout                       : 200
         StabDelay                     : 100
         CmdexeDelay                   : 25
         SyncLoops                     : 32
         ByteDelay                     : 0
         PollIndex                     : 3
         PollValue                     : 0x53
         Memory Detail                 :

                                  Block Poll               Page                       Polled
           Memory Type Mode Delay Size  Indx Paged  Size   Size #Pages MinW  MaxW   ReadBack
           ----------- ---- ----- ----- ---- ------ ------ ---- ------ ----- ----- ---------
           eeprom        65     6     4    0 no        512    4      0  4000  4500 0xff 0xff
           flash         65     6    32    0 yes      8192   64    128  4500  4500 0xff 0xff
           signature      0     0     0    0 no          3    0      0     0     0 0x00 0x00
           lock           0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  9000  9000 0x00 0x00
           lfuse          0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  9000  9000 0x00 0x00
           hfuse          0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  9000  9000 0x00 0x00
           efuse          0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  9000  9000 0x00 0x00
           calibration    0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0     0     0 0x00 0x00

         Programmer Type : usbasp
         Description     : USBasp, http://www.fischl.de/usbasp/

avrdude: auto set sck period (because given equals null)
avrdude: AVR device initialized and ready to accept instructions

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 0.00s

avrdude: Device signature = 0x1e930b (probably t85)
avrdude: safemode: hfuse reads as DF
avrdude: safemode: efuse reads as FF
avrdude: NOTE: "flash" memory has been specified, an erase cycle will be performed
         To disable this feature, specify the -D option.
avrdude: erasing chip
avrdude: auto set sck period (because given equals null)
avrdude: reading input file "main.hex"
avrdude: writing flash (98 bytes):

Writing | ################################################## | 100% 0.08s

avrdude: 98 bytes of flash written
avrdude: verifying flash memory against main.hex:
avrdude: load data flash data from input file main.hex:
avrdude: input file main.hex contains 98 bytes
avrdude: reading on-chip flash data:

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 0.05s

avrdude: verifying ...
avrdude: 98 bytes of flash verified

avrdude: safemode: hfuse reads as DF
avrdude: safemode: efuse reads as FF
avrdude: safemode: Fuses OK (E:FF, H:DF, L:E2)

avrdude done.  Thank you.


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